copying

A transcript, double, imitation, or reproduction of an original writing, painting, instrument, or the like. Under best evidence rule, a copy may not be introduced until original is accounted for. Certified copies are admissible under statutes in most jurisdictions. Similarly, photographic copies and prints from photographic films are admissible by statute. Copies of all pleadings, motions and other papers must be served on all parties to action under Fed.R. Civil P. 5(b).
Admissions concerning the genuineness of copies of documents are governed by Fed.R. Civil P. 36(a).
A duplicate is admissible in evidence to the same extent as an original unless
(1) a genuine question is raised as to the authenticity of the original or
(2) in the circumstances it would be unfair to admit the duplicate in lieu of the original. Fed.Evid.R. 1003.
In copyright law, "copying" of a literary work consists in exact or substantial reproduction of the original, using original as a model as distinguished from an independent production of same thing, and a "copy" is that which comes so near to original as to give every person seeing it the idea created by original and must be such that ordinary observation would cause it to be recognized as having been taken from the work of another. Turner v. Century House Pub. Co., 56 Misc.2d 1071, 290 N.Y.S.2d 637, 642.
Examined copies are those which have been compared with the original or with an official record thereof

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Copying — Cop y*ing, a. & n. From {Copy}, v. [1913 Webster] {Copying ink}. See under {Ink}. {Copying paper}, thin unsized paper used for taking copies of letters, etc., in a copying press. {Copying press}, a machine for taking by pressure, an exact copy of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • copying — index plagiarism Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Copying — For the copying guideline in Wikipedia, see WP:Copying within Wikipedia. Copying is the duplication of information or an artifact based only on an instance of that information or artifact, and not using the process that originally generated it.… …   Wikipedia

  • Copying — Copy Cop y, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Copied}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Copying}.] [Cf. F. copir, fr. LL. copiare. See {Copy}, n.] 1. To make a copy or copies of; to write; print, engrave, or paint after an original; to duplicate; to reproduce; to transcribe; …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • copying — kopijavimas statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. copying; doubling; duplication vok. Duplizieren, n; Kopieren, n rus. копирование, n pranc. copie, f; reproduction, f …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • copying — noun an act of copying • Derivationally related forms: ↑copy • Hypernyms: ↑repetition, ↑repeating • Hyponyms: ↑duplication, ↑gemination, ↑reproduction, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • copying — noun a) an instance of the making of a copy b) the practice of making one or more copies …   Wiktionary

  • copying — n. duplication; imitation cop·y || kÉ’pɪ n. photostat; duplicate v. duplicate; imitate …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Copying ink — Copying Cop y*ing, a. & n. From {Copy}, v. [1913 Webster] {Copying ink}. See under {Ink}. {Copying paper}, thin unsized paper used for taking copies of letters, etc., in a copying press. {Copying press}, a machine for taking by pressure, an exact …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Copying paper — Copying Cop y*ing, a. & n. From {Copy}, v. [1913 Webster] {Copying ink}. See under {Ink}. {Copying paper}, thin unsized paper used for taking copies of letters, etc., in a copying press. {Copying press}, a machine for taking by pressure, an exact …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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